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      Sailing! Learn to Sail: Basic Keelboat Certification Lessons for the ASA 101 Exam

      Sailing! Learn to Sail: Basic Keelboat Certification

      Lessons for the ASA 101 exam

      Introduction

      This is a 7 hour 6 minute: 16 lesson audio course designed to help you prepare for the Basic Keelboat Certification exam conducted by the American Sailing Association, the ASA exam are basically the same material covered in the other exams such as the US Sailing Association and the British Royal Yachting Association with one big difference in Europe and for the most case, most of the rest of the world outside north America, the lateral aids to navigation are red left returning from the sea.

      We cover terminology, definitions, and commands, different names of components on a sail boat. We learn about Rules of the Road, Lateral aids to navigation, man overboard recovery drills, boating pollution rules, required safety equipment, and really all that can be covered an audio course for this basic exam.

      While it is obvious we can’t cover the actual on the water exam we do discuss what is expected and what your thought process might be when taking the practical sailing on the water exam.

      The author, producer, narrator is Franz Amussen the host of Sailing in the Mediterranean Podcast (medsailor.com) with over 30 years of sailing experience, both in racing and cruising.. He spends at least 2 months each year sailing aboard his Lyle Hess designed Bristol Channel Cutter usually in the Mediterranean also he sails or charters with friends in other locations too numerous to list.


      Lesson 1

      This lesson is the beginning of our understanding of the terminology of the science and sport of sailing. In this lesson we discuss the meaning and definition of the following terms:

      Hull

      The measurement of the boat in displacement, net registered tons and gross registered tons)

      length waterline, length overall, length on deck, draft, Beam, free board, stringers and bulkheads

      Transom

      Keel (Full, Fin, Modified)

      Ballast

      Bow (forward)

      Stern (aft)

      Rudder (rudder post, aft hung, skeg)

      Pintle’s and Gudgeon’s

      Helm

      Tiller

      Wheel

      Theoretical maximum speed of a displacement hull

      Lesson 2

      In this lesson we continue our understanding and learning about the terminology of sailing.

      Deck

      Stanchion

      Lifeline

      Pulpit

      Mast and mizzen mast

      Boom

      Gooseneck, Outhaul, Vang, Preventer,

      Standing Rigging

      Stays, forestay, Backstay, Running Backstay, Shrouds, turnbuckles were rigging screws, chain plates,

      Bowsprit, Whisker stays, Bob stay

      Running Rigging

      Main Sheet, Jib Sheet, Staysail Sheet,

      Halyards, Main, Jib etc.

      Parts of the Sail

      Head, Tack, Clew

      Leach, Luff, Foot


      Lesson 3

      In this lesson we continue our understanding and learning about the terminology of sailing.

      Hanking on a mainsail

      Sail Track

      Boom Track

      Bolt Rope or sail slides

      Jib and Genoa

      Hanking on an Jib

      Bolt rope or Hanks (plastic or Bronze)

      Jib Tracks (Foil)

      Roller Furling

      Reducing sail area on a jib

      Roller furling

      Roller furling is a method of furling or reefing a sail by rolling it around a stay or rotating spar. Roller furling is most prominent on foresails such as jibs, followed by mainsails.

      Cleats

      In nautical contexts, a cleat is a device for securing a rope.

      Types of cleat designs include the following:

      A horn cleat is the traditional design, featuring two “horns” extending parallel to the deck or the axis of the spar, attached to a flat surface or a spar, and resembling an anvil.

      A cam cleat in which one or two spring-loaded cams pinch the rope, allowing the rope to be adjusted easily, and quickly released when under load.

      A jam cleat in which the line is pinched in a v-shaped slot.

      A clam cleat (or jam cleat) in which the rope is held between two fluted stationary pieces. Such a cleat vaguely resembles two halves of a clam shell held back to back. It is more compact than a cam cleat, but the rope is less easily released under load.

      A cleat hitch is a knot used to secure a rope to a cleat.


      Lesson 4

      In this lesson we continue our understanding and learning about the terminology of sailing.

      Cockpit

      Cabin

      Fender

      Dock lines

      Painter

      Blocks

      Traveler

      Telltales

      Heel

      Skipper

      Master

      Helmsman

      Crew:

      Helmsman / Skipper

      Tactician

      Maintrimmer

      Port Trimmer

      Starboard Trimmer

      Pitman

      Bowman

      Weather Helm

      Ahead

      Astern

      Abeam


      Lesson 5:

      Heel

      Tacking

      Starboard Tack

      Port Tack

      Wind Vane at top pf Mast

      Apparent Wind

      True Wind

      Jibing

      No-Sail-Zone

      Close Hauled

      Close Reach

      Beam Reach

      Broad Reach

      Run

      Sailing-by-the-Lee

      Luffing

      In Irons

      Head-to-Wind

      Comands and crew Responses

      Heading Up

      Bearing Away

      Ready About –Ready—Helms a-Lee (or Coming About or Tacking)

      Prepare to Jibe—Ready—Jibe-Ho (or Jibing)


      Lesson 6:

      Navigation Rules Part 1

      Stand On Vessel and Give way Vessel

      Rules of the road Starboard vs Port Rule, Rule 12(A)(i)

      Rule 12 - Sailing Vessels

      Overtaking Rule 13

      Rule 13 - Overtaking

      Power vessel approaching head on Rule 14

      International Rule

      Inland Rule


      Lesson 7:

      Navigation Rules Part 2

      How to determine if you are on a collision course!

      Rule 15 - Crossing Situation

      Rule 17- Action by Stand-on Vessel Return to the top of the page

      Danger Signal 5 blasts

      RULE 2 Responsibility

      RULE 5 Look-out

      RULE 6 Safe Speed

      RULE 7 Risk of Collision

      RULE 9 Narrow Channels

      RULE 10 Traffic Separation Schemes


      Lesson 8:

      Navigational Aids

      Identify and state purpose of Lateral Aids to Navigation

      Color

      Numbering

      Returning

      Left side Even Numbered

      Right Side Even Numbered

      Preferred channel markers

      Preferred-Channel Aids

      Identify Safe Water Markers

      Safe Water Marks

      Regulatory Markers

      Identifying Regulatory Markers

      Regulatory or informational markers are used to advise you of situations, dangers, or directions. They may indicate shoals, swim areas, speed zones, etc. They can be easily identified by the orange bands on the top and bottom of each buoy.

      Location Markers

      Diamond-Shaped Dayboards

      Range Dayboards

      --------------------------------------

      Extra

      International Rules IALA

      International Association of Lighthouse Authorities.

      Red Left Returning

      Cardinal Marks

      Cardinal Marks are used in conjunction with the compass to indicate the direction from the mark in which the deepest navigable water lies, to draw attention to a bend, junction or fork in a channel, or to mark the end of a shoal.

      Mariners will be safe if they pass North of a North mark, South of a South mark, East of an East mark and West of a West mark. Cardinal Marks are also used for permanent wreck marking whereby North, East, South and West Cardinal buoys are placed around the wreck. In the case of a new wreck, any one of the Cardinal buoys may be duplicated and fixed with a Radar Beacon (RACON).

      At night, the lights of Cardinal Marks are programmed with distinct identifying characters; as an aide memoire they can be considered to flash in accordance with positions on a clock face whereby an East Cardinal flashes 3 times, a South Cardinal 6 times (but with an added long flash to make it more distinctive) and a West Cardinal 9 times. The North Cardinal doesn’t quite fit the pattern – having a continuous quick or very quick flash.

      The buoy illustration shows Class Two configurations of buoys. These are approximately 3 meters in diameter and weigh approximately 6 tons excluding moorings. Buoys are needed to be recognized both in daylight and at night and use 'Top Marks' to assist in identification. A Top Mark on a Cardinal Buoy is triangular and colored black. Top Marks and buoy colors themselves are arranged in order to represent the points on a compass.

      http://www.trinityhouse.co.uk/lighthouses/buoys/cardinal.html

      US Memory aids

      Red, Right, Returning

      -used when navigating in a channel

      Green, Right, Going

      -used when navigating in a channel

      Do you have any red port left?

      -the port (left) side of the boat has red lights

      Red over Red, Captain Is Dead

      -vessel not under command

      White over Red, Pilot Ahead

      -pilot vessel on duty

      Red over Green, Sailing Machine

      -optional sailing vessel lights

      Red over Red over Red = Rudder Rubbing Rocks

      -vessel constrained by draft – international rules

      Red over Red over Red, big F*%&#in vessel ahead

      -vessel constrained by draft – international rules

      Green over White, Trawling Tonight

      -fishing boat towing nets

      Red over White, Fishing Boat Light

      -general fishing lights (not trawling)


      Lesson 9:

      Safety Gear and Procedures

      List the federally required equipment for a recreational sailboat of 25 feet in length


      Lesson 10:

      Lights, float plan, alcohol, reporting accidents, oil pollution and trash

      Identify the location and color of navigational lights used by a recreation vessel of 25 feet in length

      Describe the purpose of a float plan, give examples of information contained therein and to whom it would be submitted

      Describe when and to whom boating accidents must be reported

      Describe the federal blood alcohol content (BAC) limit for vessel operation

      Describe proper means of waste disposal including penalties for improper disposal and means for Notification

      Trash:

      Oil

      Lead-Acid Batteries


      Lesson 11:

      Whistle Signals

      International and Inland Whistle signals


      Lesson 12:

      Registration or Documentation

      Hull Numbers

      Registration Numbers

      Documentation Numbers

      Describe under what circumstances an operator must render assistance to another boater in danger.

      Boat Capacity Plates

      Describe the information an operator should acquire before operating his/her boat in an unfamiliar area.


      Lesson 13:

      Anchors and Anchoring, types and techniques

      Anchor Rhode

      Scope

      Types of bottom and holding

      Lesson 14:

      How to trailer and launch a boat

      Moring a boat!

      Spring/ Breast Lines

      Fairlead vs padeye

      5 Situations which one may be considered negligent as a boater

      Getting ready to leave the dock

      What do you do?


      Lesson 15:

      Man overboard ideas and procedures

      Lesson 16:

      Proper Clothing

      Knots you need to know:

      Bowline (king of knots)

      Reefing knot (Square Knot)

      Figure 8 (Stopper)

      Half Hitch

      2 half Hitches

      Clove Hitch

      Cleat Hitch

      Round Turn and 2 half Hitches

      Leaving the dock

      The on the water test ideas and thoughts for preparation

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      Purchasing Sailing! Learn to Sail: Basic Keelboat Certification Lessons for the ASA 101 Exam...

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